What is a diet?
Diet according to the web definition is the kinds of food and drink that a person, animal or community consumes habitually. It is the mental and physical circumstances connected to eating. Diet as a word is interchangeable with Nutrirtion, and Nutrition according to Merriam Webster Online Dictionary is defined as: “the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food”. “The act or process of nourishing or being nourished”
The type of diet that is best for anyone should be healthy, nourishing, satisfying, and should not promote weight gain or be a risk factor for diseases and sicknesses; nor should it rely heavily on the use of supplements like thermogenics and fat burners This means the best type of diet is the one that promotes an individual’s total well being.
To further break this down will be to understand what a healthy diet is. A healthy diet is one that helps maintain or improve general health. It provides the body with essential nutrients; fluid, adequate essential amino acids from protein, essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and adequate calories.
There are basic food groups that provide these essential nutrients and all the other good stuffs the body require daily. These are: Vegetables, examples of these are broccoli, carrots, green beans, potatoes, tomatoes and so on. These can be eaten fresh, frozen, canned, or dried. Fruits is another group of food and some of these are grapes, oranges, strawberries, raisins, pineapples,and bananas. They can be consumed in the same manner as the vegetables. There are also Grains which are in two categories; refined and whole. this is the food group that are sometimes classified as carbs too. Some examples of the whole grains are whole-wheat bread, oatmeal, brown rice, and the refined grains are white rice, enriched pasta, and white bread.
Another food group is Dairy, some of which are milk and milk products like cheeses, and yogurt, this is the food group that provides the body with calcium as one of the minerals needed by the body. Protein as a food group also includes foods like meats, poultry, beans, eggs, and seafood. Oils although not listed as a group are also needed for a healthy diet because they supply Vitamin E to the body. All these food groups are needed by the body in a certain amount daily according to each person’s claoric intake needs. The World Health Organization recommends that the same amount of calories that the body is using should be eaten, nothing more nothing less. This will help to achieve a healthy weight and a healthy weight is a balance between energy consumed and energy burned. It also recommends increasing the consumption of vegetables and fruits, legumes, whole grains and nuts, while limiting the intake of fats. Fats are found in protein, grains, and dairy.
The food consumed by the body is what the body converts into energy and the body then burns off this energy when the body is used for work and exercise. The excess energy that the body does not burn off is preserved and turned into fat by the body, a sedentary lifestyle will not promote total well being for an individual. So the best type of diet really for anyone will combine healthy eating with an active lifestyle.